Soldiers and civilians where both affected by the war. Every one every where was affected in some way. When you think of the war and how it changed people you think mainly of soldiers. A large part of the populice during the war were children. There were adverse effects on the kids of the age. They lost family members and homes. It was a hard time. Here is a very interesting article on the Civil War Interactive website dealing with children who were trapped in Vicksburg.